Hotel Customer Loyalty: Who to reward new customers or loyal ones?
Resort loyalty marketing tips
Hotel customer loyalty programs can be very tricky. Many of our hotel clients ask us which customer we think they should reward: new ones or current ones. Today, many hotels and resorts reward new customers as way to generate trial to their product, with some rewarding only those loyal customers who stay often at their properties. When considering adding a loyalty program for your hotel or resort, the question is which one of these strategies to pursue, either rewarding new customers or current customers.
The answer, just like most things, is “it depends”. Why it depends? Because every hotel has a unique scenario. However, we can provide you with a little guidance with two simple scenarios you might have and help choosing the right customer to reward in your loyalty program.
Two Camps of Thought about Customer Loyalty.
At Valorem Group we have two camps of thought about loyalty, the Business Camp that suggests that those customers who repeat often are in love with the hotel’s services and amenities, and that s/he would be willing to pay more for it, making discounting a decision that will negatively impact the bottom line. They believe that only new customers should be rewarded to generate trial and that current customers should be awarded little in the form of rewards other than low cost upgrades.
The other camp is the Loyalist Camp that believes that the only way to maintain a client is by offering them perks that keep them spending more money, more often, for more products/services. They claim that discounting leads to a loyal customer with a lifetime value that positively impacts the bottom line in the long term, and that new customers should not be rewarded without proving loyal habits. They claim that rewarding new customers only decreases the value of patronage to your loyal customers.
Two scenarios to help you decide whom to reward.
We think that both camps have valid points, but that the validity of the points depends on the hotel and resort’s competitive landscape. Lets first cover the two simple scenarios that hotels and resorts are very familiar with to help us decide whom to reward: 1) Hyper competition. We hear about it all the time, more hotels, more inventories, more options for the consumer and more tools which keep consumer focus on price. 2) A small concentration of customers that repeat often and produce most of the hotel and resorts revenue. Yes, it is the famous 80/20 rule, where 20% of your customers produce 80% of your revenue.
Discount in Highly Competitive Markets.
The rule of thumb is that if you have a highly competitive environment, you discount to new customers. If you have low competitive environment then you don’tdiscount to new customers, yet focus on loyalty. That should make sense to industry players who might have been at a resort in a not-so-popular area, and as more inventory comes on line have seen ADR and RevPar come down in an effort to drive trial to their resorts. Imagine for example the first hotels in Cancun and compare it to today’s hyper competitive arena. Hotels and resorts are clamoring for new business [heads in beds] and for that are continuously offering discounts for new guests.
If along with a large competitive set you also have an equal-spend-customer, meaning that every guest spends the same amount of money at your resort or hotel, then we see the path of rewarding new customers as optimal. Remember, offering rewards to frequent-stay guests will not ensure a repeat visitor if there are many low priced options from competitors in your market space. In these two scenarios, discounting to NEW CUSTOMERS is the absolute way to go.
High Competition, Low Concentration of High Paying Customers.
If on the other hand you have a high amount of spend among a small percentage of guests [the 80/20 rule exists], then you only discount to your most loyal and profitable guests. Yes, this means you measure the amount the dollar spend of those guests to make sure they are your best customers. It also means you gauge the amount of services that they consume on and off site and debit it to from their total spend [to make sure your margins are not already at an all time low].
When Your Loyal Customer is a Drain on your Budget.
Have you ever had that loyal customer that absorbs most of your front desk personnel’s time and that of the hotel wait staff , who returns more food then s/he consumes, and cancels their reservations more often? All of this is cost and should be tallied as a debit to that customer’s loyalty algorithm to ensure that you are not spending all of your staff’s time on one very loyal customer (unfortunately). Many ask us if they should “fire” their best clients, and we always say “NO WAY”. You should reassess their real costs and charge them more. Yes, charge more and provide little if any loyalty rewards for a return visit. We suggest you don.t tell them, just do it.
Are loyal customers really loyal?
One thing to watch out for too is the loyalty rate of your most faithful customers. So before you whip out the Perma Perks program for Mr. Smith, make sure that Mr. Smith’s company offices aren’t next door to your hotel and that he will stay there every time he is in town versus commuting 45 minutes to get to work in the morning from an alternative hotel. Make sure you are not on the way to the airport and that Mr. Smith doesn’t come in for a meeting and next morning move on to the next country. Make sure Mr. Smith isn’t an investment banker and that your hotel doesn’t already offer him/her a great image in the community. His rewards may be different. Everything must be looked at and the right program designed.
We suggest you break down your guests not by the amount they spend and number of times they visit you, but by the different types of customer “personas” carefully reviewing their needs and what provides them with value. Go ahead and reward differently for each group. Forget Gold, Silver and Platinum, segment by clusters, kind of like teams, and fulfill their needs. Maybe the investment banker needs a special table in the lobby that is reserved for him during his stay. That wont cost more, but is a huge advantage to him during his business trip.
One more note. Now that you are segmenting and rewarding, please segment internally. What I mean is, please don’t have any reservations agent respond to your most profitable clients, have a special and empowered employee handle those calls, nothing can be worse than being a top customer of a rewards program and then having to hear a customer service representative provide you with no solutions to your simple needs. Internal segmentation is critical for success of any real loyalty program. We will discuss this option in further posts.
Want more tips about how to market your resort, simply log into the Tips and News Section of the Valorem Group Website. If you are searching for corporate incentive programs and want to work with one of our partner hotels to create a corporate incentive program that will increase your bottom line, contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
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Marketing a resort – defining your competitive set
defining Your Competitive Set
Marketing a resort – Defining your competitive set.
I have been asked to create an almost step-by-step game plan in the development of a marketing plan for resorts, and am going to make the attempt. I have been teaching 4th year Marketing Strategy and Entrepreneurial Marketing at Florida International University for 10 years as well as two years at the University of Miami, and while I will always recommend taking a marketing course, I will try breaking this marketing plan process into several postings so as not to bore anyone.
Before we dive right into the resort marketing plan, there are a few things to consider, of which how to define your competitive set is crucial:
Your competitive position. It is important to understand who your real competitors are, both online and offline. If you were a South Beach hotel, you would consider your competitors resorts of similar star ratings, similar room counts and similar location for example. This would be a good physical competitive landscape and is fairly easy to determine. Now that your physical competitors are defined, ask your Search Engine Optimization agency to help you identify your online competitors. As the digital space grows, you will find competitors for your same keywords you did not consider in your competitive set, but the search engines are placing them in organic links below yours. Your guests may be driven t these sites and those resorts may take a bite out of your online digital keyword space and overall market share.
What happens if you mistakenly create a bad competitive set or a broad competitive set: The following happens:
If you start with an unfocused competitive position, you may find yourself in a “me too” environment with “me too” customer value.
Yes, without having a clear competitive position both online and offline, you will clearly add no value to the customer experience and will find yourself scrambling to chase every trend on the market;
while retaining no customer loyalty whatsoever;
and with very volatile market share.
Sound familiar? I see it in too many cases. It’s fairly simple to discover who your competitors are. I suggest a simple exercise as follows:
POC (Point of Comparison): In this case your look at our competitors and try to see where you are similar. Obviously, the least points of similarity you have with your competitive resort, the less likely they are truly in your competitive set. The more POCs, the more closely you resemble your competitors, the more likely you are to strive to a customer satisfaction strategy that is not trend driven (i.e. setting up ipod stands in the room connected to the radio), but customer focused.
POD (Point of Differentiation): After you have found the similarities, now discuss what’s different about you. This I have found over the years, will also help you start [if you have not already], delivering an amazing guest experience. Yes, a happy hour with the GM is a POD. Yes, tea at 5 pm in your Zen garden is a POD. Yes, free breakfast buffet is a POD. Once you’ve done that, now create your competitor’s PODs. Please be realistic.
After this exercise you will know who your competitors are and what makes you different. From that you can start building your SWOT (Strengths, Weaknesses, Opportunities and Threats) analysis, which is really the first step in a resort marketing plan. I think however that I will spend a little more time in the next few postings dedicated to customer focused strategies and the profit impacts of dissatisfaction.
Stay tuned, and please ask as many questions as you like even while remaining anonymous.